Spain (Emzingo)
Course Pack November 2019

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    You will be embarking on a concentrated deep-learning experience under the guidance of superb teachers who are based at a variety of Universities, including IE in Spain. The learning is personalised and leadership-oriented. In this sense, it spurs deep introspection. An important theme is a general focus on the emerging field of social entrepreneurship in the context of a sustainable circular as opposed to the extractive linear economy. You have many classes. These are all memorable and stimulate you into a creative and thoughtful mind-set. Each class is designed to add value in its own unique way.

    Emzingo is a Social Enterprise and certified B Corporation focussed on developing the next generation of Responsible Leaders. They work with values-driven organisations and forward-thinking leaders who recognise that employees who care, a vision that inspires, and a connection between core business and social and financial impact can dramatically increase overall performance—and create an amazing place to work in the process.


    Emzingo-U collaborate with top academic institutions around the world to promote responsible leadership in their students.


    All Emzingo programmes combine social impact projects and a leadership development curriculum to enhance participants’ business and entrepreneurial skills through a deeper understanding of the society and a more reflective and self-aware business acumen.


    Emzingo has dedicated and passionate people living in each location of its operations, enabling them to provide you with a truly immersive holistic ecosystem interaction with local context and networks.

    As the 3rd largest city in the European Union, Madrid is a major financial and cultural hub for Southern Europe. Spain has recently started investing heavily in entrepreneurship and is known for hosting some of the world’s most recognised Academic Institutions, including IE Business School, popular for its diversity, entrepreneurship, technology and innovation on its MBA programmes.


    During your visit, you will learn about innovative impact investing both in the Spanish and European context, and how this has supported a growing entrepreneurial ecosystem, founded in unique opportunities stemming from the deep financial crisis of 2009. This is of course in the context of a vibrant, international city, famous for its bars, restaurants, people, and culture.


    Barcelona, on the other hand, is one of the leading tourist, economic, trading and cultural landscapes in Southern Europe. Recognised for its distinctive landscape, Barcelona hosts leading Universities such as IESE and ESADE and is considered a leading smart city endowed with green infrastructure, where we can examine how technology is shaping the way Spain and Europe innovate.    

    Emzingo’s Objectives of the Study Trip are:

    The Spanish business and start-up system

    1. The values that are driving business innovation in Spain
    2. Innovation in different fields, including education, impact investing, reputation management and value in the 21st century
    3. Field visits and interactions with social entrepreneurs and responsible leadership in Spain
    4. Exposure to different models for innovation, alternative career paths, and methods for doing good and doing well in their own careers and lives
    5. Social innovation and Design Thinking
    6. A full-day workshop designed by the Emzingo team to teach students how to incorporate design thinking, human centred design, and Theory U to find creative and innovative solutions

    Wits Business School’s Learning Objectives include:

    1. For students to be enriched by a lived experience of travel, invoking deep learning in the area of social entrepreneurship that is transferable to South Africa and will assist in creating real growth and employment
    2. For students to understand the principles of the circular economy and the international movement away from the extractive linear economy that underpins the values that are driving business innovation in Spain
    3. For students to apply the learning principles revealed in the Spanish study tour to offering solutions to the requirement for the establishment of financially sustainable business incubators and entrepreneurial hubs in South Africa  
    4. For students to elevate, enrich and contextual their South African studies with the Spanish management educational experience

    This study tour exposes students to different economies and cultures in various destinations, as well as different organisations in Spain, including business schools, government agencies, state-owned enterprises. and private corporations.


    On completion of this course, students will be able to:

    • Draw on contemporary knowledge about business practices in Spain that will assist them to appraise the basics and standard protocol of interactions with the business environment in that country.
    • Critically assess the Spanish economy to determine its strengths and weaknesses for doing business. 
    • Compare and contrast different cultures and the way of life in Spain relative to South Africa and Africa as a whole.
    • Evaluate and analyse business models of selected companies in Spain and South Africa
    • Contextualise this knowledge in the Group take-home Assignment

    Curriculum linked to the context in South Africa

    The study tour draws on diverse experiences of South African companies in various markets. Here the unique experience of Emzingo in Spain in the field of social entrepreneurship will assist us to make comparisons and transfer knowledge from one context to another. It is for this reason that you will be examined on a South African case study that requires a Spanish insight.


    Curriculum linked to the context in African and other dynamic emerging market economies

    The overarching objective is to identify the opportunities for social entrepreneurship in South Africa that will provide the basis for the real growth of the South African economy, which suffers from chronic levels of unemployment, inequality and poverty. 



    The European Union and therefore Spain are legally guided by the principles of the circular as opposed to the linear economy. The linear economy is purely extractive as is largely the case in South Africa whereas the linear economy is restorative and sustainable. This tour will afford students the opportunity to consider whether it would be wise for South Africa’s economy policy to be legally guided by the circular economy. The study tour itinerary is superbly designed to enable students to address South African economic challenges by a blended learning experience.


    Entrepreneurial action

    The intent of this course is to invoke entrepreneurial action in the students to become rain-makers, each in their own unique way. 


    Critical engagement

    The course itself is designed to invoke constructive and critical engagement in order to seek and reach ideal solutions.

    This study tour underpins all other MBA courses as it contributes to the overall MBA qualification by providing a capstone integrated learning experience in which students can bring to bear their knowledge of the entire MBA programme to analyse foreign economies and businesses within those economies. In addition to this, this tour directly supports the core themes of the MBA in terms of critical engagement within the context of South Africa, and also issues of sustainability.


    Decisions and methodologies which students are exposed to during their company visits and cultural in-country interactions—from Strategy to HR to Negotiation to Operations to Marketing—are expressed as the underlying issues and learnings of this course.


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    Tour Schedule
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    Course assesment and assignments

    Preparation for the Tour

    It is recommended that you should very carefully Google every aspect of the itinerary before you embark on the study tour. You are advised to carefully read the case study and the recommended readings.


    Teaching Contract

    Please note that all visits and events on the global study tour are MANDATORY. Please refer to the Standing Orders regarding the tours. As a student, you should review the Learning Contract and ensure that you are fully aware of the methods and implications of the assessment approach since mark allocations cannot be changed retrospectively.


    You will all be ambassadors for South Africa and it is recommended that the students should appoint a protocol committee to address matters of behaviour and conduct. The course assessment will be conducted as a combined individual and syndicate assignment weighted as 100%.


    Please note: Each student is required to sign and attach the WBS Plagiarism Declaration to each assignment submitted.

    You need to use every moment of your day to the full. The ‘free and easies’ and mealtimes are times of lived experiences. 

    Pass Mark Requirements

    In terms of the Standing Orders, to pass a course, a student is required to achieve a final cumulative average of 50% for a pass mark, and a subminimum of 35% for the examination.


    In a case where an assignment is an exam equivalent, failure to submit on time will result in the student being “failed absent”, with the result that the student will be removed from the programme.



    Weighting (%)


    Return date

    Combined Individual/ Group Assignment


    20 January 2020

    15 February 2020


    Group Take-home Assignment – Weighting 75%

    Please read the Case Study

    This case has been written specifically to enable you to reflect upon and internalise the learning that you have received in the field of social entrepreneurship in Spain, and to apply it to discovering practical solutions for the prevailing catastrophic unemployment crisis in South Africa. This case is in an early draft form. It needs to be tested in order to understand its relevance. 


    Break-up into syndicate groups

    Use the insight and knowledge about social entrepreneurship that you gained, while on your study tour to Spain, to suggest how sports stadiums in South Africa, which are all too often underutilised white elephants, may be converted into business incubators and entrepreneurial hubs, which can indenture large numbers of newly qualified vocational and academic graduates into gainful employment.


    Please clearly identify the contribution that each member of your syndicate has made to the assignment. 


    It is suggested that the extent of your paper should not be more than 15 pages. The paper should be typed in Arial at one and a half-space. If you wish to exceed 15 pages, you may.


    Marks will be allocated as follows:



    Content (informative and persuasive; judgment clearly stated; criteria are important, not trivial; the argument is based on impersonal criteria, not personal taste; reasons are convincing and supported; the topic is thoroughly researched) 


    Organization (engaging introduction—one which either hints, or overtly states to the reader the points of the essay; reasons for appraisal are clearly stated and supported; well-organised with logical sequencing of criteria and reasons, from the most obvious to the least obvious, or, from the least  convincing to the most convincing, or, from the least important to the most important)


    Citation (correct citation of research sources; minimum of seven academically robust references independently discovered either from the library or electronically) 


    Vocabulary, language usage and mechanics (sentence variety, absence of errors of agreement, tense, number, word order, function, pronouns, prepositions, negatives, neat, precise word choice and usage, appropriate tone, absence of spelling, punctuation and capitalisation errors.




    References 1-7 below are relevant to your group take-home case study.

    The additional readings on Madrid and Barcelona alluded to thereafter, are entirely optional, but you will most certainly be enriched by their wisdom in the future. 

    1. Ackoff, Russel A Brief Guide to Interactive Planning and Ideal Redesign 31 May 2001
      This reference is included because Ackoff was one of the original authors of design thinking which Emzingo is focusing on.

    2. Davis, Rebecca Daily Maverick 30 January 2019 Roelf Meyer is back–and trying to help save SA’s economy
      This reference is included because Emzingo is focussing on the importance of social entrepreneurship and business incubators. The newly established Public Private Growth Initiative is a social entrepreneurial project that has the support of President Cyril Ramaphosa and seeks to create employment in 22 economic sectors with the assistance of Chief Executive Officers and their delegated authorities.

    3. Standard Bank Launches Incubators for Entrepreneurs 24 April 2015  This reference is included because it is important that the student has a comparative sense of the status of business incubators in South Africa viz., Spain.

    4. 13 May 2017 Amsterdam ArenA: Incubator for the City of the Future 

    5. Ellen McArthur Foundation Towards the Circular Economy—Economic and Business Rationale for an Accelerated Transition
      This is a very important reference. It is strange that there is virtually no discussion in South Africa about the move towards the circular economy and away from the linear economy. It is a very important theme of business and needs to be included in the national economic and political discourse.

    6. Elleen MacArthur Foundation What is a Circular Economy? 

    7. Elizabeth Braw Five Countries Moving Ahead of the Pack on Circular Economy Legislation The Guardian 29 October 2014 

    Your visit to Spain is more than a study trip. It is a lived experience intended to enrich your being and to benefit you and others with your learning.


    The novels below are relevant to Barcelona: 

    • Carlos Ruiz Zafon – The Shadow of the Wind
    • Robert Hughes – Barcelona 
    • George Orwell – Homage to Catalonia
    • Manuel Vázquez Montalbán – The Man of My Life 
    • Eduardo Mendoza – The City of Marvels 
    • Ildefonso Falcones – Cathedral of the Sea
    • Mercè Rodoreda – The Time of the Doves
    • Cervantes – Don Quixote

    The novels below are relevant to Madrid:

    • Ernest Hemingway – The Sun Also Rises 
    • Giles Tremlett – Ghosts of Spain 
    • C.J. Sansom – Winter in Madrid 
    • Georges Bataille – Story of the Eye 
    • Paul Preston – The Spanish Holocaust 
    • Ben Lerner – Leaving the Atocha Station

    Additional Info and Contact Details

    Don’t forget your documents and chargers. Obtain the relevant adaptor when travelling outside South Africa.

    Bring Formal Wear (School ties and scarves will be provided) and Business Cards for Company Visits.

    South African Embassy – Edificio Lista

    Calle Claudio Coello, 91 – 6th floor, Cnr of J Ortega y Gasset, 28006 Madrid, Spain

    Phone: + 34 91 436 37 80

    Emergency Contact: + 34 91 672 663 204 / + 34 91 677 53 51 46


    South African Consulate General in Barcelona

    Address: Spain Parc Empresarial Mas Blau II Alta Ribagorza 6-8 08020 Prat de Llobregat Spain
    Phone: +34 93 506 91 00

    Madrid Hotel

    Address: Plaza de Alonso, Martínez, 3, 28004 Madrid, Spain

    Phone: +34 912 06 21 60



    Barcelona Hotel

    Address: Calle Rosselló 238, 08008 Barcelona – España

    Phone: + 34 93 552 0550



    Geoff Heald

    Lead Academic
    Phone (WBS): +27 11 717 3607
    Mobile: +27 82 56132 90


    Vittoria Bianchi Dennerlein

    Emzingo point of contact – Programme Manager
    Mobile: +44 075 840 30 649

    Lead Academics

    Geoff is a Senior Lecturer in Negotiation at Wits Business School. He is also the Visiting Professor of Negotiation at the Pontifical Catholic University in Santiago Chile.  


    His specialised interest is in teaching, researching and consulting in the area of negotiation. He is particularly interested in deals between developing and developed countries. He is currently developing an African Negotiation Project to be housed at the University of Witwatersrand. It will offer education, training, research, consulting and conferencing on negotiations in Africa. He is leading a project with Gauteng Cricket and Cricket South Africa that will seek to convert underutilised sports stadiums into business incubators and entrepreneurial hubs and indenture young newly-qualified men and women into the world of work. 


    In September 2016, Knowledge Resources Publishers published “Why is Collective Bargaining Failing in South Africa? A reflection on how to restore social dialogue.” He was employed at the Institute for Futures Research at Stellenbosch University where he gained expertise in the theory and practice of scenario analysis.


    Geoff has a PhD in negotiation from the University of the Witwatersrand. The title of his doctorate is: “Learning Amongst Enemies – A Phenomenological Study of the South African Constitutional Negotiations from 1985-1996.” Geoff’s LLM thesis was conducted as a comprehensive post-doctoral research degree on: “South Africa’s Voluntary Relinquishment of its Nuclear Arsenal and Accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in Terms of International Law.” 


    Geoff has been awarded the Wits Outstanding Lecturer Acknowledgment and has subsequently achieved consistently excellent assessments in all his negotiation teaching and at all levels of seniority, from entry-level to advanced negotiations. 


    One of his unique specialist capabilities is his ability to create indigenous organisation-specific negotiation programmes for organisations that have deal-making challenges. He writes virtually all the cases that he uses in the learning setting.  These are in fact “deal-prototypes” and involve writing up the business cases to solve real-time business challenges with the involvement of the negotiation teams themselves. He uses experiential learning to accurately prototype real-time deals with the active participation of the delegates. 


    Geoff’s uniquely integrated personal educational background, accumulated knowledge, and skill in the domains of business case writing, facilitation, negotiation, and case teaching render him especially qualified to design and present negotiation programmes that help companies create profitable deals and save costs.

    Student Commitments

    Legal Declaration of Indemnity, Undertaking and Consent
    1. The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (hereafter referred to as ‘the University’) has insured itself for its liability arising from the acts and omissions of persons acting on its behalf, and that its registered students, staff and individuals who are subject to the University’s rules, regulations, policies, procedures and standing orders as amended from time to time are insured during the course and scope of their registered courses and/or within the scope of University’s business. This is subject to the proviso that the University’s maximum liability will be limited, whether for a single or multiple events, to the extent that is covered thereof;

    2. When the University arranges for me to travel to locations which are outside of the University’s precincts, and when traveling in vehicles which do not belong to the University’s and/or are not driven by University staff, I will enjoy only such cover as referred to in Section 1 above, provided that I depart and travel from the University’s precincts and return to it from an excursion arranged by the University, on a route agreed upon in advance by the University;

    3. In cases where no fault can be attributed to the University, I hereby indemnify, absolve and hold harmless the University, its officials, employees, students and invitees in respect of any damage the property, death or bodily injury to/of myself and/or third parties, whether on/off the University precincts, or whilst engaged in any related activity to the University abroad; and

    4. I understand that I attend and participate in the WBS Global Study Tour in various designated countries around the world during specified periods in 2019 at my own risk where the event falls outside the cover provided to or by the University.

    5. I acknowledge that I have read and understood the contents of this indemnity in every respect.
    This document is applicable to all modes of delivery of the Global Study Tour from 2017 onward. 


    Assessment Policy
    All assignments, including the attendance of the Amazing Race and all scheduled visits to businesses, other organisations, and cultural activities, is compulsory.


    Failure to comply with this policy will result in an automatic failure of this course. A record of attendance at each prescribed tour activity will be kept by the Tour Leader and will be submitted to the International Office as a formal record for student assessment. Should a student fail (including as a result of non-attendance and failure to participate), the tour will have to be repeated.


    A candidate who has not completed all the requirements for this tour by the end of the minimum period of study and who is permitted in terms of Senate Standing Orders to continue will be required to register again for this tour at the beginning of the following academic year and pay the relevant fee.


    Registration for the Global Study Tour
    A candidate is required to register and pay in advance for the Study Tour in order to be admitted to complete the course.


    If a candidate wishes to amend his/her selection of destination, a prescribed period of time will be permitted as indicated by the Global Study Tour Coordinator. However, no changes to the selection of destination will be entertained once confirmed.


    International Applicants
    Applications from international exchange and immersion students are welcome. All international students need to conform with the University’s requirements and the South African legislation that pertains to such students.


    Credits towards MBA or MM to other degrees
    Students may be granted credits for this tour at international partner schools however please note that the granting of credits is based on the credit weighting exchange between the WBS MBA and other international programmes.


    The pass mark for this course
    In order to pass the study tour, a student must obtain a minimum of 50% as a final mark subject to the subminimum rule.


    Students must register for the Global Business Study Tour (BUSA 7442A) in order to pay the travel component cost for the study tour. Students will be advised as to the Rand value that has to be paid for the study tour of their choice. The deadline for the choice of study tour and payments will be communicated to students by the School’s International Office. Failure to pay the full fee for the Global Study Tour in advance or failure to attend the tour for whatever reason will still hold the student liable for the full amount as indicated for the selected tour package. Please note that fees may not involve the same costing as certain travel destinations are cheaper than others. Also, note that whenever indicated students will be responsible for their own transport and cost of meals and incidentals on each tour. Tour leaders do not carry additional funds to allow for students who do not make personal provision for their own expenses.


    Allocation of Marks
    The mark composition for each assignment will comprise a combination of marks awarded for assignment projects and fieldwork, both individual and syndicate work. The mark allocation for the course is detailed in the course pack.


    Syndicates may apply to have non-performing members excluded from the syndicate mark for their assignment, or have a portion of the total mark allocated to the non-performing student.


    Publication of Final Course Results
    The results of the global study tour will be published by the Faculty Office as soon as possible, normally within four weeks from assignment submission.


    Disputes and Grievances
    Any disputes or grievances that arise as a result of the application of, or failure to apply, the provisions of these Standing Orders should be managed within the Faculty’s existing appeals and grievance procedure. Problems should always be resolved as close to the source as possible. The grievance procedure policy and applicable forms are available from the Faculty Office.


    Code of Conduct
    All students will abide by the daily dress code as indicated by the Tour Leader depending on the daily schedule of events and places visited.


    Students are also advised that whilst they are encouraged to enjoy the tour, they are reminded that they are participating in a Wits Study Tour programme and are not traveling for their own leisure purposes. As such, the prime focus is on teaching and learning and at all times students will need to participate in all prescribed activities and field visits.


    Students are advised to heed the guidance and instruction of the designated Tour Leader on each trip. In addition, students are advised to serve as professional ambassadors of Wits University and the Wits Business School at all times whilst on tour. Students are also advised to download a copy of the Wits Student Code of Conduct to familiarise themselves with the policy.


    During visits, students are to ensure that all mobile phones are switched off.
    Students are to be punctual for all visits, failure to attend a visit without a valid reason will render your attendance as incomplete.


    Failure to adhere to the above could result in a disciplinary action being lodged against the student.


    Recording of Global Study Tour Activities
    Business visit sessions may only be recorded (by audio, images or video) with the express written permission of that organisation. Students will be required to agree in writing that:

      • recordings will only be used for purposes of their own private study and revision;
      • recordings will not be copied, shared, communicated, published or distributed in any format whatsoever and using any medium whatsoever, unless requested to do so by the lecturer;
      • unedited copies recordings will be provided to the lecturer if requested to do so; and
      • Copyright of all recordings remains the property of the University.

    It is noted that infringement of any of these conditions may result in disciplinary action being taken against the student.

    Download and complete these forms

    NB: To be completed and returned to before you leave.