Course Pack November 2019
Botswana, a neighbour of South Africa and a key player in the SADC region, has had phenomenal economic gains and is regarded as one of the world’s rising economies. The growth momentum has however been subdued in recent times by the dwindling activities in the mining sector and although some recovery was registered in 2016 with a growth rate of 4.3%, the prolonged mining sector sluggishness, continuous shortages in the supply of water and electricity and drought led to a decline again in 2017 with growth standing at 2.4% (AfDB, 2018). Some turnaround is expected in the medium term (growth projected to be 4% by 2019) as significant recovery is expected in the mining sector, and sectors other than mining, such as communication, transport, trade, business, financial services, hotels, and restaurants are registering stupendous performances. Indeed, the decline in growth in 2017 could have been steeper but for the sectors other than mining (AfDB, 2018).
Namibia, an integral player in the SADC region, is a neighbour to South Africa. Contrary to the country’s previous dispensation that saw complete state control of key sectors such as water and energy, there has been a paradigm shift, with the private sector actively participating in these important sectors. The paradigm shift is also expected to occasion massive private sector investment in the Namibian economy. The economy of Namibia has witnessed growth-related challenges in recent times, particularly since 2015, with growth plummeting from as much as 6% in 2015 to as low as 0.7% in 2016. The economy, in 2017, shrunk by 0.8% on the back of fiscal consolidation and declining investment in the mining sub-sector that has dampened demand in the economy (AfDB, 2018). The spiralling debt situation of the economy has necessitated the fiscal consolidation drive to tame the country’s debt levels. The Namibian economy continues to be heavily reliant on mining but that is expected to change as efforts are being made to diversify the economy. The country is also progressively investing in infrastructure, particularly in transport, the supply of water and energy, with as much as 74 billion Namibian Dollars (equal to 42% of the country’s GDP) being spent on infrastructural development (AfDB, 2018). This colossal investment (to be financed through development finance sources as well as private-public participation), is meant to provide the impetus for the economic transformation and diversification agenda (AfDB, 2018).
The economy of South Africa is undoubtedly Africa’s most advanced and well-integrated with the global economy. In terms of size, the South African economy is second only to that of Nigeria on the African continent. Within the southern African sub-region, the economy of South Africa is a colossus and continues to champion the sub-regional integration agenda. The country’s financial system, which is home to one of the world’s elite Stock Exchanges, is well developed with all the features of the financial systems of the advanced countries. In the area of telecommunication, physical and energy-related infrastructure, the country is well advanced in the metropolitan areas but with a considerable infrastructural deficit in the rural communities. Similarly, while the South African economy is among the most prosperous and promising on the continent, the country continues to grapple with high-income inequality and relative poverty.
As global leaders, it is vital to understand the business and socio-economic cultures of countries around the world. This course is an on-field, unique learning experience that exposes students to these key issues:
- Review the history, social-cultural backgrounds, and political economies of Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone).
- Overview of both Namibia and Botswana’s economic performances.
- South African corporate investments in Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone).
- Both Namibia and Botswana’s economic successes and challenges.
- Degree of both Namibia and Botswana’s interest in South Africa and the sub-region.
- Nature of global investment in both Namibia and Botswana.
- Influence of both Namibia and Botswana’s investments in South Africa, and vice versa.
- Employees’ values and behaviours in both Namibia and Botswana.
- The risks and opportunities of doing business in Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone).
- The central role of politics when doing business in the two countries (Namibia and Botswana).
- Private enterprise and the specific challenges facing start-ups.
- The special and evolving characteristics of the capital markets of Namibia and Botswana in the sub-region, and related risks.
- The emergence of an increasingly powerful middle class and its impact on the consumer market and corporate social responsibility.
This study tour exposes students to different economies and cultures in various destinations, as well as different organisations within South Africa (Johannesburg & Cape Town), Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone), including business schools, government agencies, state-owned enterprises, and private corporations.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
- Draw on contemporary knowledge about business practices in Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone), in relation to South Africa, that will assist them to appraise the basics and standard protocol of interactions with the business environments in these countries.
- Critically assess the economies of Namibia and Botswana and determine their strengths and weaknesses for doing business.
- Compare and contrast different cultures and the way of life in Namibia and Botswana relative to that in South Africa, and Africa as a whole.
- Evaluate and analyse business models of selected companies in South Africa (Johannesburg & Cape Town), Namibia (Windhoek), and Botswana (Gaborone).
Curriculum linked to the context in South Africa
The study tour draws on diverse experiences of South African companies in various markets. Here, the extensive use of company site visits highlights comparisons between the companies’ operations in Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone) with their operations in South Africa.
Curriculum linked to the context in African and other dynamic emerging market economies
The overarching objective is to identify opportunities geared towards increasing the volume of trade in the sub-region and climaxing for sustainable growth of the African continent, especially in the midst of the US-China trade war, the Brexit Brouhaha, the US-Iran tension, with the resultant fluctuation in global commodity and asset prices. The focus is to map these global issues to the level of individual African countries and major firms in those countries, in order to stimulate students to start considering these issues at a management level.
The visits to companies and institutions that form part of the study tour, address the optimal overall resource allocation in economies and the role of this allocation in economic systems such as free markets and command economies, or mixtures of these, in Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone).
The visits to companies and institutions provide students with insights into innovation and entrepreneurial action and (managed) risk-taking, thereby guiding them to make decisions at a management level.
By focussing on examples of successful and unsuccessful business ventures in Africa and other emerging markets, the course enables students to acquire a better perspective on foreseeable and unforeseeable consequences of business decisions and actions.
Course assesment and assignments
Please note, all visits and events on the global study tour are MANDATORY. Please refer to the standing orders regarding the tours. As a student you should review the Learning Contract and ensure you are fully aware of the methods and implications of the assessment approach as mark allocations cannot be changed retrospectively. If you have any concerns about the assessment you should raise this with your tour leader at the start of the course.
The Importance of Preparation for the Study Tour
The above readings should be read before departure. Students should also research on the companies that will be visited. The scope of this course covers a wide range of topics, thus a variety of readings have been carefully selected to provide different perspectives. It is essential that students focus on these readings and embark on company research. Appended with the readings are the links for ease of access. However, should you encounter any problems with the links provided consult the WITS library e-journals catalogue or consult the WBS Librarian.
Teaching emphasis in the MBA Global Study Tour is experiential and involves on-site action learning. The tour itself would entail visits to one or more destinations to provide broader international learning exposure for the student. Students should keep a learning log on insights that they gain from each business or organisation that they visit, and these logs are used for debrief sessions during the tour as well as to compile a post-study tour assignment on what they have learnt.
The articles, readings and cases included in this course pack have been copyright approved.
Assessment: Exam Equivalent Assignment
Deadline: 29 November 2019
Results Return Date: 10 December 2019
Assessment: Amazing Race
Deadline: 29 November 2019
Results Return Date: 10 December 2019
Please note: Students are required to sign and attach the WBS Plagiarism Declaration to each assignment submitted
Pass Mark Requirements
In terms of the Standing Orders, to pass a course a student is required to achieve a final cumulative average of 50% for a pass mark, and a subminimum of 35% for the examination. In a case where an assignment is an exam equivalent, failure to submit on time will result in the student being ‘failed absent’, with the result that the student will be removed from the programme.
These assignments relate to the following MBA themes: Context in African and other dynamic emerging market economies, sustainability, and entrepreneurial action.
Purpose: Based on the above MBA core themes, students will be exposed to experiential and on-site learning, thus students will need to contextualise the selected country and company in line with strategic management decisions.
Requirement: Choose ONE of the following assignments:
1. Provide a PEST ANALYSIS of a South African company entering into Namibia (Windhoek) and Botswana (Gaborone).
2. Provide a country risk profile for a company of your choice.
3. Discuss your “take-home learnings” from the trip:
- Discuss what you learnt from the amazing race; what was new or different from what you had experienced before. Please include pictures to illustrate this.
- Please discuss each business meeting: Give some background information about the company and the environment in which it operates. Please highlight at least 3 key learning points from each meeting.
- Please discuss any other key learning points that you gained from going on this trip. (This can be anything you learnt either about yourself, the country or countries you visited, the people living there, your fellow travellers, or anything not covered in the two points above.)
- The presentation can be in any format you desire, be it PowerPoint, Word, or any other format you wish to use.
- A minimum of 2000 words is required.
- Please submit a hard copy to Karen Trent in the International Relations Office (IR Office, ground floor, Outeniqua House) with a plagiarism declaration by 13h00
- Use 1.5 line spacing and a 12-point font (Times New Roman).
- Please ensure that you reference correctly,as per the WBS guidelines.
Penalty for late submission: For every calendar day, or part thereof, that your assignment is late, 10 % will be deducted from your marks.
Mark Allocation Criteria:
Application of theories developed and learnt throughout the MBA programme 30%
Integration of theories learnt and experience acquired during the study tour 30%
Research and use of relevant data to complement the assignment 30%
Presentation: Referencing, style, presentation, etc. 10%
The purpose of this assignment is for you to think quickly on your feet. It’s fun and interesting. You will be put into a syndicate group and will need to work as a team. This assignment requires you to think out of the box and familiarise yourself with the environment. As a suggestion, download maps, learn about the history of the country, all online attractions, and all modes of transport.
On completion of this exercise, each syndicate group must provide the following:
- A brief report on the successes, challenges and lessons learnt during the exercise (maximum 500 words).
- Pictures of the locations visited and anything of interest, relevant to the task.
- A short video summarising the core of the assignment. (Professional editing not required.)
- Receipts for the use of public transport and/or special facilities during the exercise.
Provide all the above, except for the receipts, on a memory stick.
- Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S. and Robinson, J. A. (2002). An African success story: Botswana. Available at: https://economics.mit.edu/files/284; Accessed on October 8, 2019.
- Beaulier, S. A. (2003). Explaining Botswana’s success: the critical role of post-colonial policy. Cato J., 23, 227.
- Taylor, I. (2012). Botswana as a ‘development-oriented gate-keeping state’: a response. African Affairs, 111(444): 466-476.
- Hillbom, E. and Bolt, J. (2018). Botswana – A Modern Economic History. An African Diamond in the Rough. Palgrave MacMillan
- Jongman, K., (2018). Sustainable Livelihood and Poverty Eradication in Botswana. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 7(4): 1317-24.
- National Planning Commission (2018). Status of the Namibian Economy. Available at: https://www.npc.gov.na/?wpfb_dl=315; Accessed on October 5, 2019
- Lange, G.-M. (2003). National wealth, natural capital and sustainable development in Namibia. Dea Research Discussion Paper, Number 56. http://www.the-eis.com/data/RDPs/RDP56.pdf
- Christiansen, T. (2012). Assessing Namibia’s performance two decades after independence. Part II: Sectoral analysis. Journal of Namibian Studies, 11, 29-61.
- Chabane, N., Goldstein, A. and Roberts, S. (2006). The changing face and strategies of big business in South Africa: more than a decade of political democracy. Industrial and Corporate Change, 15(3): 549-577.
- Tchamyou, V.S. (2017). The Role of Knowledge Economy in African Business. Journal of Knowledge Economy, 8, 1189-1228.
Additional Info and Contact Details
Don’t forget your documents and chargers. Obtain the relevant adaptor when travelling outside South Africa.
Bring Formal Wear (School ties and scarves will be provided) and Business Cards for Company Visits.
The following dress code applies:
- Conservative suits for men in subtle colours are the norm.
- Women should avoid wearing high heels and short-sleeved blouses.
- Both men and women should wear subtle, neutral colours.
- Casual dress should be conservative as well.
- Men and women may wear jeans. However, jeans are not acceptable for business meetings.
EMERGENCY CONTACTS: TOUR LEADERS, HOTELS & SOUTH AFRICAN EMBASSY
Radisson Red, V&A
Waterfront, Cape Town
Silo 6, Silo Square, V&A Waterfront, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa Phone: +27 87 086 1578
Hilton Hotel, Windhoek
Rev Michael Scott Street, Windhoek, Namibia
Phone: +264 61 296 2929
Masa Square Hotel, Gaborone
Plot 54353, New CBD, Cnr Khama Crescent & Western Bypass, Gaborone, Botswana
Phone: (866) 238 4218
South African Consulate-General, Windhoek, Namibia
South African High Commission, Cnr Nelson Mandela Avenue & Jan Jonker Street, Windhoek
Phone: + 264 61 205 7111 / 7241 / 7240 / 7244 / 7243
South African Consulate-General, Gaborone, Botswana
Plot 29, Queens Road, Gaborone, BOTSWANA
Phone: + 002 673 904800 / 4802 / 4803
Dr MDJ Matshabaphala
Phone: +27 82 341 6102
(Ass. Lead Academic)
Phone: +27 63 388 6992
(Ass. Lead Academic)
Phone: +27 83 601 6130
Prior to joining Wits Business School, Dr M.D.J. Matshabaphala worked as a Lecturer and later as Coordinator of the Development and Facilitation Institute at the Turfloop Graduate School of Leadership at the University of the North. He also served as an Acting Director of the Turfloop Graduate School of Leadership. In 2001, he served as the Chairman of the Leadership Academy of the Leadership Regional Network. In 1998 and 2004 respectively, he participated in Research Development Programmes in Germany and Norway. Johnny belongs to the inaugural class of the International Programme in Leadership and Management in Higher Education at the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom in 2009. In his academic career, he facilitated Leadership, Strategy and Project Management courses in Limpopo (South Africa), Botswana, Namibia, Burundi, Zimbabwe, Rwanda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Southern Sudan, and the University of Pittsburgh (USA). In the same year, 2007, he facilitated a course on Performance Management through Leadership to the Executive Deans of Faculty in South Africa on behalf of Higher Education South Africa. Dr Matshabaphala is serving as an external examiner in various Development, Leadership and Management courses to the Universities of Limpopo, North-West, Stellenbosch, Venda, Kwa-Zulu Natal and the University of South Africa. He is an Associate Fellow of the Graduate School of Public International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh in the United States of America. Dr Matshabaphala is credited with several authored articles in peer-reviewed journals.
Melody Mandevere is currently a final year PhD student with Wits Business School. She has been an administrator for the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority for more than 15 years, where she was part of the team who rolled out the tollgate project in Zimbabwe. She has vast experience in estates management, project management and data collection and management. Melody is currently attached to the African Centre of Philanthropy and Social Investment where she has carried out several research projects including research on the Effects of Climate Change focusing on Cyclone Idai. She holds the following qualifications: Master of Commerce in Strategic Management and Corporate Governance; Bachelor of Commerce in Business Management; National Diploma in Information Technology; and IPMZ Diploma in Labour Relations.
Legal Declaration of Indemnity, Undertaking and Consent
- The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (hereafter referred to as ‘the University’) has insured itself for its liability arising from the acts and omissions of persons acting on its behalf, and that its registered students, staff and individuals who are subject to the University’s rules, regulations, policies, procedures and standing orders as amended from time to time are insured during the course and scope of their registered courses and/or within the scope of University’s business. This is subject to the proviso that the University’s maximum liability will be limited, whether for a single or multiple events, to the extent that is covered thereof;
- When the University arranges for me to travel to locations which are outside of the University’s precincts, and when traveling in vehicles which do not belong to the University’s and/or are not driven by University staff, I will enjoy only such cover as referred to in Section 1 above, provided that I depart and travel from the University’s precincts and return to it from an excursion arranged by the University, on a route agreed upon in advance by the University;
- In cases where no fault can be attributed to the University, I hereby indemnify, absolve and hold harmless the University, its officials, employees, students and invitees in respect of any damage the property, death or bodily injury to/of myself and/or third parties, whether on/off the University precincts, or whilst engaged in any related activity to the University abroad; and
- I understand that I attend and participate in the WBS Global Study Tour in various designated countries around the world during specified periods in 2019 at my own risk where the event falls outside the cover provided to or by the University.
- I acknowledge that I have read and understood the contents of this indemnity in every respect.
This document is applicable to all modes of delivery of the Global Study Tour from 2017 onward.
All assignments, including the attendance of the Amazing Race and all scheduled visits to businesses, other organisations, and cultural activities, is compulsory.
Failure to comply with this policy will result in an automatic failure of this course. A record of attendance at each prescribed tour activity will be kept by the Tour Leader and will be submitted to the International Office as a formal record for student assessment. Should a student fail (including as a result of non-attendance and failure to participate), the tour will have to be repeated.
A candidate who has not completed all the requirements for this tour by the end of the minimum period of study and who is permitted in terms of Senate Standing Orders to continue will be required to register again for this tour at the beginning of the following academic year and pay the relevant fee.
Registration for the Global Study Tour
A candidate is required to register and pay in advance for the Study Tour in order to be admitted to complete the course.
If a candidate wishes to amend his/her selection of destination, a prescribed period of time will be permitted as indicated by the Global Study Tour Coordinator. However, no changes to the selection of destination will be entertained once confirmed.
Applications from international exchange and immersion students are welcome. All international students need to conform with the University’s requirements and the South African legislation that pertains to such students.
Credits towards MBA or MM to other degrees
Students may be granted credits for this tour at international partner schools however please note that the granting of credits is based on the credit weighting exchange between the WBS MBA and other international programmes.
The pass mark for this course
In order to pass the study tour, a student must obtain a minimum of 50% as a final mark subject to the subminimum rule.
Students must register for the Global Business Study Tour (BUSA 7442A) in order to pay the travel component cost for the study tour. Students will be advised as to the Rand value that has to be paid for the study tour of their choice. The deadline for the choice of study tour and payments will be communicated to students by the School’s International Office. Failure to pay the full fee for the Global Study Tour in advance or failure to attend the tour for whatever reason will still hold the student liable for the full amount as indicated for the selected tour package. Please note that fees may not involve the same costing as certain travel destinations are cheaper than others. Also, note that whenever indicated students will be responsible for their own transport and cost of meals and incidentals on each tour. Tour leaders do not carry additional funds to allow for students who do not make personal provision for their own expenses.
Allocation of Marks
The mark composition for each assignment will comprise a combination of marks awarded for assignment projects and fieldwork, both individual and syndicate work. The mark allocation for the course is detailed in the course pack.
Syndicates may apply to have non-performing members excluded from the syndicate mark for their assignment, or have a portion of the total mark allocated to the non-performing student.
Publication of Final Course Results
The results of the global study tour will be published by the Faculty Office as soon as possible, normally within four weeks from assignment submission.
Disputes and Grievances
Any disputes or grievances that arise as a result of the application of, or failure to apply, the provisions of these Standing Orders should be managed within the Faculty’s existing appeals and grievance procedure. Problems should always be resolved as close to the source as possible. The grievance procedure policy and applicable forms are available from the Faculty Office.
Code of Conduct
All students will abide by the daily dress code as indicated by the Tour Leader depending on the daily schedule of events and places visited.
Students are also advised that whilst they are encouraged to enjoy the tour, they are reminded that they are participating in a Wits Study Tour programme and are not traveling for their own leisure purposes. As such, the prime focus is on teaching and learning and at all times students will need to participate in all prescribed activities and field visits.
Students are advised to heed the guidance and instruction of the designated Tour Leader on each trip. In addition, students are advised to serve as professional ambassadors of Wits University and the Wits Business School at all times whilst on tour. Students are also advised to download a copy of the Wits Student Code of Conduct to familiarise themselves with the policy.
During visits, students are to ensure that all mobile phones are switched off.
Students are to be punctual for all visits, failure to attend a visit without a valid reason will render your attendance as incomplete.
Failure to adhere to the above could result in a disciplinary action being lodged against the student.
Recording of Global Study Tour Activities
Business visit sessions may only be recorded (by audio, images or video) with the express written permission of that organisation. Students will be required to agree in writing that:
- recordings will only be used for purposes of their own private study and revision;
- recordings will not be copied, shared, communicated, published or distributed in any format whatsoever and using any medium whatsoever, unless requested to do so by the lecturer;
- unedited copies recordings will be provided to the lecturer if requested to do so; and
- Copyright of all recordings remains the property of the University.
It is noted that infringement of any of these conditions may result in disciplinary action being taken against the student.